The significance of melody for the deaf

Melody involves the way sound is arranged to form musical patterns. It may involve word arrangement to form a certain sequence. Melody indicates succession events and thus the events are arranged following a certain order.  In order to attain melody, there are several factors which should take place. There should be some change in the sequencing. The duration of interval between sequential events should change. Pitches also change during succession of linear events. Melody is mostly shown by the interaction of musical patterns. This occurs where there is change of events. The elements of melody include pitch and quality. The quality of melody is defined by loudness, sound texture and resonance. Musical phrases are concerned in forming melodies. The musical phrases which form melodies may be several or can even be one. Repetition of the musical phrases denotes the occurrence of melody. The repetition may occur in the inset of a song. The melodic motion can be used to describe melody. Other factors which describe melodies include pitch interval. Sound is the medium of music and involves arrangement of words in a sequential order. Music has various elements. Melody is governed by pitch which is a musical element. Other elements of music include texture, timbre and rhythm. Deaf people communicate to hearing people by the use of tonal expression. They get words as they come out of the lips.

Melody differs from other qualities of music. The essential elements of music include harmony, dynamics, melody and rhythm. Music composition takes in to consideration various factors. There are the fundamentals in composing music. Music is really defined by considering the essential elements which include harmony, dynamics, melody and rhythm. Music soul is provided by melody. Harmony expression is blended by rhythm. Dynamics elaborates on the tempo or speed of a phrase. Song is composed by combining these essential elements. Melody involves successive events or musical tones. It also involves successive pitches. Melody is characterized by various factors such as movement, shape and range. In music, there are both the highest and lowest tones. The distance in between these tones defines the range. Range can either be high, low or medium according to singers. There are scenarios when melody concentrates on few given notes. This is said to have narrow range.

Conversely to this, there are occasions when notes are shifted from low to high pitches. This gives a wide range. This may take a couple of steps on the musical scale. Melody has a distinctive shape. This denotes the direction. Melody shape gives the manner in which the notes would behavior if they were arranged in a certain sequence as in the case of a geometrical line. Wavelike shape is formed in the case of narrow range. Upward shape occurs due to ascend of notes. There are two factors which define movement disjunct or conjunct. Conjunct occurs in the case where melody is arranged in a stepwise manner. Disjunct on the other hand, occurs when there is no natural connection. In this case, the pitches leap from one to another.

The parameters which give melody structure are its intensity and length. This takes the same scenario as the sentences included in language. Some examples in this case include climax and the cadence. A musical phrase has an end which has some features. This musical ending is what is referred to as cadence. Climax occurs when there is high intensity.

Notes and chords can be played simultaneously. The relation portrayed by chords and notes when played simultaneously denote the harmony in the musical phrases. When chords and notes are arranged in successive manner, they form harmonic patterns. Intervals can either be harmonic or melodic. Intervals that are sequenced and are linear are known to be melodic. On the other hand, those intervals which sound at once are known to be harmonic. Harmonic patterns may be pleasing or unpleasing to the ears. This varies since some may find it pleasing while others the same harmonies unpleasing.

Chords are taken to have meaning. The reason behind this is because they are bound to form other chords from the original chords. Music has different styles in which progressions finds different acceptance rates. Triad is a basic to every harmony. There are various types of chords of which the common one is the triad. The scale is comprised of several notes of which some of these form the triad. The notes of the scale which form the triad are the first, third and the fifth. The sixth, fourth and the second notes are included in the case when the triad when the second note forms the triad. In this case the interval is still maintained. Sub dominant and Tonic are some of the names given to some of the chords. This includes the IV chord and the triad chord consecutively. Musical time is generally the rhythm. Timely flow gives the rhythm in music. Beat in music refers to the pulsation which takes place.

Deaf people have a composition which is unique in a way. Sign language is mostly used by deaf people (Spencer Patricia E., 2000). The culture adopted by deaf people is unique defined by certain values and goals. The primary language used in United States by deaf people is the American Sign Language. American Sign Language is both manual and visual. The language involves the use of signs. These sign are formed as a result of body movement, by use of hands, posture of the body and facial expression. Emotion, information and useful ideas are conveyed through American Sign Language by the deaf people. This takes place with much versatility and complexity.

There are some deaf people who are in a position to get wording from the lips. This enables communication between deaf people and hearing people. Despite of this being of advantage, research indicate that there are few English words which can be traced from the lips. Lip reading is considered to be frustrating and unreliable. This is because of the possibility of misunderstanding because of guessing what might be portrayed in the lips (Gardner Howar, 1999). There are some deaf people who are in a position to read the lips. Conversion is normally carried out between hearing people and the deaf during public rallies through lip reading. Interpreters of sign language are vital in ensuring efficient communication.

Communication with deaf people who are highly skilled in lip reading lies on melodic universe. When composing music, the composer arranges notes to have a certain value. Musical statement is formed by mixing the essential elements of rhythm, melody and harmony. This is the same way a painter mixes colors to get a certain shape and brightness. Melodic concept is developed upon playing a melody instrument. Such instruments include piano, horn and guitar. Melodic ideas are complemented upon playing melody instrument such as piano. This calls for use of relevant harmonies and rhythmic concept. There are times when counter melodies are essential. The listener of music has singular experience to melodies. This is why certain notes are repeatedly used to compose new songs. A single note is concentrated at a time. This is what is referred to as melodic line. Emotional, tonal, sublimal and musical information is conveyed through this medium. The listening experience is formed from the harmonic and rhythmic structures. A listener is normally swayed by the melodic line. This is what is heard.

Hearing enables capture what is happening in the environment. Negotiation with the surrounding can be achieved through hearing. Spoken language can be accessed through hearing. Sound is what is heard. The characteristics of sound include loudness and timbre. There are various causes of deafness to sounds. Deafness is more prominent in old people. Ringing occurs within the ears of deaf people. Ringing sound is what is recognized by deaf people before realizing their hearing loss. Noise exposure is believed to be the major source of hearing loss.

In conclusion, melody has much significance to deaf people. Deaf people perceive the ringing sound. This makes them communicate with the environment through melody of sounds. There are some deaf people who are capable of communicating through lip reading of spoken language. This is not widely applicable since there are few English words can be accessed from the lips. The use of sign language is common in people with hearing impairment.


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