Weekly Summary Mental States and Metaphors

There are three basic processes involved in organizing information cognition, rationality, and systematization. Cognition is the process of reacting to stimulus (located in the external environment). Information is a special type of stimulus which requires the mind to engage in the process of interpretation. Rationality is the process of interpreting the perceived stimulus. Systematization is the process in which stimulus are organized according to certain criteria. These processes occur simultaneously, as the human brain can processes billions of raw data from the environment.

In essence, natural order is the moral law from which natural law seeks to derive its authority. It encompasses all natural relationships, and in the absence of law, it assumes supremacy.

Mental order may be viewed as the general state of the mind. It is characterized by stability, orderliness, rationality, and the absence of mental disabilities. Philosophically speaking, the term connotes the minds natural state of affairs  characterized by tranquility, happiness, and to some extent, willful existence. There may be a relation between the two different ordering processes. Mental order is a concept derived from the essence of natural order. Indeed, the former is a reflection of the latter.

A metaphor is an analogy between two objects or ideas.  A metaphor asserts that two things are of the same essence. Indeed, if an individual says to another individual You are a monkey  a robber, the receiving individual falls into either anger or disgrace. In short, the effect of a metaphor can be devastating (this of course varies from one individual to another). Some people are greatly affected by the metaphor whilst others are not. The effectiveness of a metaphor also depends on the cultural setting itself, for example, language. Linguistic terms vary from culture to culture. A simple term in one may be of great importance to another. Thus, when metaphors are disseminated to a multi-cultural audience, it is can be interpreted differently. In short, there is no such thing as an absolute metaphor.


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