Chart of Theories

Team B


Eric Erikson
Carl Rogers
Abraham Maslow
Psychosocial theory of personality is the incorporation of the internal( mind, brain and personality) in conjunction with the external (cultural, social, and environment) in the development of a human personality and is a continuous process. Life becomes a series of lessons and challenges which will provide individual growth. Erikson claims a person must experience eight crisis  stages resulting in forming a positive or negative personality. For example, trust versus mistrust. To affectively pass through this stage one must develop a healthy balance between opposing dispositions  Trust in oneself, and other and mistrust when appropriate such as a child meeting a stranger. Being overly gullible or untrusting causes a negative personality and abnormal behavior patterns.

Humanistic theory of personality is an individuals understanding and acceptance of his or her own human existence. The overall concept pertains to a person striving for personal growth and understanding across the lifespan. In addition, striving for self improvement and self-knowledge one may possibly reach self-actualization as proposed by Maslow and Rogers (Pervin, Cervone,  John, 2006).Most researchers focus on the comprehensiveness of their models, theories and examples used to explain their research. For the researchers comprehensiveness is basically being able to understand the mode. The belief is that for the psychological model to bear any respect and weight in the field it must be understood and the theories, studies, and findings be clear and concise. Just about every type of research also has a comprehensiveness analysis of the work to ensure that the information being put out to peers and the public are sound and understandable. One example of the use of comprehensiveness is with the Five-Factor Model (FFM) and its correlation to other types of personality tests. There is much research about the clarity of the FFM. The results, thus far, have been promising, showing a comprehensive relationship and clarity that can also be associated with other personality inventories. This comprehensive analysis shows that there is a correlation between the FFM and other personality inventories, rather than having them work against one another. The use of the comprehensiveness model will make research and the results of given research understood without any assumptions.  There will not be misunderstandings or miscommunications in regards to research.  The comprehensiveness model is a necessity with all research in all fields.  Using this as a tool to verify results will allow for the research to be more valuable and viable in real time and reality not just in theory.  It is the next step in providing real results for real problems, and not just talking a good game.


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