Kants focus on good will, duty and related concepts

Kant is a well known philosopher and his work Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals and Categorical Imperative has made him to be famous. His works are concerned with analysis of human presumptions on the concept of good will and duty. These are moral aspects of an individual and Kant tries to make people understand the relationship between good will and duty as two aspects of ethics.
Kant argues that there is nothing in this world that is regarded as good without qualification except good will. Other gifts of nature such as intelligence, courage, generosity and talent may be considered to be good but unless they are based on good will, they are considered to be useless. An individual is supposed to act in a right manner and his or her actions should be appropriate. A person of   moral worth is considered to be a person of good will while choosing to do morally correct thing.

Accordingly, it is the duty of every individual to do what is morally right. This is according to deontological ethics of Kant. It is the duty of every individual to do morally correct thing regardless of any consequences. Thus, doing the right thing brings about good will and individuals are supposed to act from duty and not according to duty.

Kant argues that there is a relationship between the concept of free will and morality. The concept of free will according to Kant shows that morality implies rationality and rationality implies free will. A common distinction about how individuals think and what they know is in the perception of phenomenal and empirical world. Individuals accept the concept of free will in activities that happen in real world and the freedom to do what they think is good.


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