Gestalt Therapy In Comparison to Reality

Therapies are very important in treating or managing the body and mind which are important functions for carrying out daily activities. Several therapies exist most of them being developed from related theories concerning normal human functions. This paper will address the comparison between Gestalt therapy and the Reality Therapy. Gestalt therapy incorporates the body and mind aspects by emphasizing on awareness and integration. The reality therapy on the other hand helps the client learn how to control or manage the world around them as a means to ensure that they meet their individual needs.

The Philosophy
A phenomenological description of the Gestalt therapy is that its an existential therapy that was established in the 1940s by Perls, Fredrick and Laura.  This therapy is based on the Gestalt theory which was a result of a concrete study by some psychologists with great consideration for logic and epistemology. The underlying situation is that people shift from their daily lives to a science intense world supposing that during that transition, there will be a deeper understanding of the basics such that the transition marks advancement. The Gestalt theory does not take simplicity of science in finding solutions rather it focuses on the basic and concrete process of research which does not just present an outcome but a device that leads to discoveries.

Gestalt therapy teaches both medical providers and patients the phenomenological process of creating or finding awareness through perceiving, acting and feelings that are differentiated from the interpretation and reshuffling of the pre-existing mindsets. Reason, rationalization and interpretation are regarded as less dependable than direct feelings and perceptions. Patients and service providers in this type of therapy often engage in dialogue this means free communication of their phenomenological perspectives. Their differences in perception therefore become the focus of the experiment and continued discussion. The objective is for the client to become aware of what they do, how they do it and how change can come while at the same time find out how to accept and think of themselves as worthy. This therapy is more focused on the process than the content. The stress is what is happening, perceived and felt at that instance rather than what was, could have been, will be or should be.

Reality therapy is derived from the choice theory, previously called the control theory. Doctor Glasser has been encouraging people to learn and use this therapy since 1965. The successful application of the therapy is greatly reliant on a strong comprehension of the choice theory. Considering that there is an inadequate even a non-existent association among individuals needed, a great amount of problems arise from this. Hence the objective of the reality therapy is to assist individuals to reconnect again. In order to be able to start off such an association, that counselor offering the therapy often concentrates on the current issues rather than discussing what could have been or what happened in the past since most problems result from the current rambling relationships.  

Basically from the way Glasser presents the therapy, people with unbecoming or inappropriate behavior do not in fact need to be helped to get defense for their character rather they need to be assisted to appreciate their behavior as being improper and then learn how to behave in a better way, a manner that is civilized and logical. Basically what Glasser means is that people need to live in a world that is filled with other humans and that every one of them has to learn how to satisfy their own needs without encroaching on other peoples needs.

Choice theory gives the basis of the therapy by insisting on the concept that the human brains are managed by a control mechanism. For that reason, when the brain is in control, their behavior fulfills the needs established in the genetic composition of the system.  People are not enthused in contrast to the idea of the majority of psychological systems which are a few of the externally motivated behaviorism, but this character gives satisfaction to the need of fabrication into the system.

Key Concepts and Principles
The Gestalt therapy incorporates the functioning of the body and the concept of thinking by emphasizing on association. Integrating feelings, behaving and thinking is the rationale of the therapy . The client is perceived as having the ability to identify some aspects of hisher earlier life that have influenced their current character. The patient is made aware of individual accountability, and how to keep away from problems, to complete unfinished subjects, to experience issues in positive perceptions in creating current awareness.  Its the duty of the care provider or counselor to assist and guide the patient in this awareness by looking into their past life experiences. Then brief the patient to accept taking the responsibility of managing themselves rather than relying on others to take care of them. The counselor may confront, carry out a dream analysis, and carry out conversations (dialogue) with polarities or initiate role playing in achieving these goals. This could include treating a crisis, marital intervention, child behavior and training mental health experts.

This discipline helps individuals to look at their lives from another point of view different from the usual way of thought. That way they can see the difference between the real thing being perceived and the feelings in the present state of affairs and what resides from the past. Gestalt therapy is used to treat and manage problems that are subjective as well as those which are objective with actual and significant information.  Gestalt therapy contrasts with other therapy methods it manages patients and applies intervention on what the patients experience and then relates it to interpretation techniques to find the actual sense.

The core concept of the Gestalt intervention is the individual self. Perls emphasized on the individual autonomy, reaction, dialogue and freedom. The self is the middle concern acting both as active and passive. Essentially, creating awareness without necessarily developing the systematic exploration is not customarily adequate to build up an insight. Therefore, the therapy relies on experimentation to develop that insight, underlining why awareness is critical under this case.

Just as patients are taught to accept themselves, in Gestalt therapy, reality therapy encourages that the patient learn to control the world around them in order to be able to satisfy their needs. There is a common belief in this therapy that the patients can manage to transform their life. The counselor focuses on questions like what and why concerning the character of the patient during the evaluation this identifies what the patient is currently doing and assists them to find a way to assess it. A behavioral and emotional concern is a straight outcome of the patients belief and thoughts.  Gestalt also seeks to get the patient to accept their current situation. A counselor in the case of reality therapy evaluates the character of the patient and brings up a challenge to them to become more efficient in fulfilling their needs and act more responsibly. Glasser William insisted that reality therapy should be built on the following blocks

Concentrating on the current and avoiding discussion of the past.
Encouraging the individuals to be their own judges by looking at what or who they are and what they are doing as compared to what they need to do.

The counselor plays the role of assisting the individuals to develop specific practicable plans so as to be successful in fulfilling their needs.

The counselor has to do a follow up after attending to a client so as to evaluate their progress.

Glasser initially referred to his work as the control theory. In the 1990s this had dramatically evolved to the choice theory. The success of the therapy is dependent on the familiarity of the counselor with the therapy and knowledge of the choice theory. The uniformity of the patient is just a section of the reality therapy. The core concept of this therapy is that the past events in terms of character or events do not matter people can still make the right choices for the future. People take control of their character and are accountable for what they do. Living now should determine the next choice.

Strategies and Goals
The basic objective of the two therapies is to the change the way the patient perceives some situations in life. This brings some realities to become more apparent to the client. Appropriate mechanisms are then put in place to ensure that the patient can understand the current situation. The major objective of the Gestalt therapy is to create client awareness concerning their behavior and the surrounding. For instance, their job, their families and school work. The therapy addresses the current situation and how they relate to events that happened in the past. The therapy aims to achieve

Holism  this is where the whole personage is addressed
Figure  creation process- this is when an individual organizes the surroundings at each instance
Organism self  regulation  this is the creative change that a person experiences The now  this is the concept of dealing with current issues.

Reality therapies such as the Gestalt assist people in transforming and changing their way of thinking. An individuals character is the central goal of this therapy. Achieving a responsible character means that the behavior will not affect others capacity to accomplish their needs. There is a focus on several aspects of character, things being done, thoughts, what is being said and internal feelings. Therapy is based on the fact that almost all types of character are from choice the current notion affects current behavior and peoples general desire to love. The strategy of ensuring that the goals are met in this case include empowering the patient to develop better means of satisfying their basic needs and also giving confidence to the patient to develop satisfying relationships.

Behavioral Therapeutic management or treatment is very important since when a patient suffers behavioral problems, no drugs can get himher to act correctly. Slow transformation of behavior becomes the best alternative of ensuring that the individual is healed. Gestalt and the reality therapies all focus on the current thoughts rather than a discussion of the past. This helps the client to determine the next action based on what heshe is experiencing, thinking or feeling at any moment. When this is achieved effectively, behavior problems can be solved.


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